网络知识 科技 一文记录Telegraf解析nginx日志

一文记录Telegraf解析nginx日志

本文档记录Telegraf解析nginx access.log的相关内容

Tail Input Plugin

Tail Input PluginTelegraf项目 众多Inputs插件之一。
Tail Input Plugin
监听一个日志文件并解析该文件的每个日志变更。
默认情况下,tail 插件的行为类似于以下 Unix tail 命令:

tail -F –lines=0 myfile.log

Telegraf收集nginx access.log 相当于Unix tail命令:

tail -F –lines=0 access.log

并使用grok格式来解析日志。
除此之外,Telegraf Tail Input Plugin支持多种
Data Format
细节的东西可以跟下源码,下面直接记录运行配置。

配置

telegraf.conf

[agent]n interval = "10s"n round_interval = truen metric_batch_size = 1000n metric_buffer_limit = 10000n collection_jitter = "0s"n flush_interval = "10s"n flush_jitter = "0s"n precision = ""n hostname = ""n omit_hostname = falsenn[[inputs.tail]]n files = ["/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/access.log"]n# from_beginning = falsen from_beginning = truen grok_patterns = ["%{COMMON_LOG_FORMAT}"]n name_override = "nginx_access_log"n grok_custom_pattern_files = []n grok_custom_patterns = '''n NGINX_ACCESS_LOG %{IP:remote_addr} – (-|%{WORD:remote_user}) [%{HTTPDATE:time_local}] %{QS:request} %{NUMBER:status:int} %{NUMBER:body_bytes_sent:int} %{QS:referrer} %{QS:agent} %{IPORHOST:xforwardedfor} %{IPORHOST:host} %{QS:upstream_addr} (-|%{NUMBER:upstream_status:int}) %{BASE10NUM:request_time:float} (-|%{BASE10NUM:upstream_response_time:float}) %{QS:cookie_uin} %{QS:cookie_luin}n '''n grok_timezone = "Local"n data_format = "grok"nn[[outputs.file]]n files = ["/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/outputs.log"]

access.log

10.10.10.10 – – [19/Apr/2022:03:17:34 +0800] "POST /user/login HTTP/1.1" 400 63 "-" "Go-http-client/1.1" "-"n10.10.10.10 – – [19/Apr/2022:03:17:34 +0800] "POST /user/login HTTP/1.1" 400 63 "-" "Go-http-client/1.1" "-"n10.10.10.10 – – [19/Apr/2022:03:17:34 +0800] "POST /user/login HTTP/1.1" 400 63 "-" "Go-http-client/1.1" "-"n10.10.10.10 – – [19/Apr/2022:03:17:34 +0800] "POST /user/login HTTP/1.1" 400 63 "-" "Go-http-client/1.1" "-"n10.10.10.10 – – [19/Apr/2022:03:17:34 +0800] "POST /user/login HTTP/1.1" 400 63 "-" "Go-http-client/1.1" "-"n10.10.10.10 – – [19/Apr/2022:03:17:34 +0800] "POST /user/login HTTP/1.1" 400 63 "-" "Go-http-client/1.1" "-"n10.10.10.10 – – [19/Apr/2022:03:17:44 +0800] "POST /qps HTTP/1.1" 504 3693 "-" "Go-http-client/1.1" "-"n10.10.10.10 – – [19/Apr/2022:03:17:54 +0800] "POST /latency HTTP/1.1" 504 3693 "-" "Go-http-client/1.1" "-"n10.10.10.10 – – [19/Apr/2022:03:18:34 +0800] "POST /user/login HTTP/1.1" 400 63 "-" "Go-http-client/1.1" "-"n10.10.10.10 – – [19/Apr/2022:03:18:34 +0800] "POST /user/login HTTP/1.1" 400 63 "-" "Go-http-client/1.1" "-"n10.10.10.10 – – [19/Apr/2022:03:18:34 +0800] "POST /user/login HTTP/1.1" 400 63 "-" "Go-http-client/1.1" "-"n10.10.10.10 – – [19/Apr/2022:03:18:34 +0800] "POST /user/login HTTP/1.1" 400 63 "-" "Go-http-client/1.1" "-"n10.10.10.10 – – [19/Apr/2022:03:18:34 +0800] "POST /user/login HTTP/1.1" 400 63 "-" "Go-http-client/1.1" "-"n10.10.10.10 – – [19/Apr/2022:03:18:34 +0800] "POST /user/login HTTP/1.1" 400 63 "-" "Go-http-client/1.1" "-"n10.10.10.100 – – [19/Apr/2022:03:18:37 +0800] "GET / HTTP/1.1" 200 1839 "-" "Expanse, a Palo Alto Networks company, searches across the global IPv4 space multiple times per day to identify customers' presences on the Internet. If you would like to be excluded from our scans, please send IP addresses/domains to: scaninfo@paloaltonetworks.com" "-"n10.10.10.10 – – [19/Apr/2022:03:18:44 +0800] "POST /qps HTTP/1.1" 504 3693 "-" "Go-http-client/1.1" "-"n10.10.10.10 – – [19/Apr/2022:03:18:54 +0800] "POST /latency HTTP/1.1" 504 3693 "-" "Go-http-client/1.1" "-"n10.10.10.10 – – [19/Apr/2022:03:19:34 +0800] "POST /user/login HTTP/1.1" 400 63 "-" "Go-http-client/1.1" "-"n10.10.10.10 – – [19/Apr/2022:03:19:34 +0800] "POST /user/login HTTP/1.1" 400 63 "-" "Go-http-client/1.1" "-"n10.10.10.10 – – [19/Apr/2022:03:19:34 +0800] "POST /user/login HTTP/1.1" 400 63 "-" "Go-http-client/1.1" "-"n10.10.10.10 – – [19/Apr/2022:03:19:34 +0800] "POST /user/login HTTP/1.1" 400 63 "-" "Go-http-client/1.1" "-"n10.10.10.10 – – [19/Apr/2022:03:18:34 +0800] "POST /user/login HTTP/1.1" 400 63 "-" "Go-http-client/1.1" "-"n10.10.10.10 – – [19/Apr/2022:03:18:34 +0800] "POST /user/login HTTP/1.1" 400 63 "-" "Go-http-client/1.1" "-"n10.10.10.10 – – [19/Apr/2022:03:18:34 +0800] "POST /user/login HTTP/1.1" 400 63 "-" "Go-http-client/1.1" "-"n10.10.10.10 – – [19/Apr/2022:03:18:34 +0800] "POST /user/login HTTP/1.1" 400 63 "-" "Go-http-client/1.1" "-"n10.10.10.10 – – [19/Apr/2022:03:19:34 +0800] "POST /user/login HTTP/1.1" 400 63 "-" "Go-http-client/1.1" "-"n10.10.10.10 – – [19/Apr/2022:03:19:34 +0800] "POST /user/login HTTP/1.1" 400 63 "-" "Go-http-client/1.1" "-"n10.10.10.10 – – [19/Apr/2022:03:19:34 +0800] "POST /user/login HTTP/1.1" 400 63 "-" "Go-http-client/1.1" "-"n10.10.10.10 – – [19/Apr/2022:03:19:34 +0800] "POST /user/login HTTP/1.1" 400 63 "-" "Go-http-client/1.1" "-"n10.10.10.10 – – [19/Apr/2022:03:18:34 +0800] "POST /user/login HTTP/1.1" 400 63 "-" "Go-http-client/1.1" "-"n10.10.10.10 – – [19/Apr/2022:03:18:34 +0800] "POST /user/login HTTP/1.1" 400 63 "-" "Go-http-client/1.1" "-"n10.10.10.10 – – [19/Apr/2022:03:18:34 +0800] "POST /user/login HTTP/1.1" 400 63 "-" "Go-http-client/1.1" "-"n10.10.10.10 – – [19/Apr/2022:03:18:34 +0800] "POST /user/login HTTP/1.1" 400 63 "-" "Go-http-client/1.1" "-"n10.10.10.10 – – [19/Apr/2022:03:18:34 +0800] "POST /user/login HTTP/1.1" 400 63 "-" "Go-http-client/1.1" "-"n10.10.10.10 – – [19/Apr/2022:03:18:34 +0800] "POST /user/login HTTP/1.1" 400 63 "-" "Go-http-client/1.1" "-"n10.10.10.10 – – [19/Apr/2022:03:18:34 +0800] "POST /user/login HTTP/1.1" 400 63 "-" "Go-http-client/1.1" "-"n10.10.10.10 – – [19/Apr/2022:03:18:34 +0800] "POST /user/login HTTP/1.1" 400 63 "-" "Go-http-client/1.1" "-"n10.10.10.10 – – [19/Apr/2022:03:18:34 +0800] "POST /user/login HTTP/1.1" 400 63 "-" "Go-http-client/1.1" "-"

操作

cd telegrafnmaken./telegraf –config=/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/telegraf.conf

output展示

nginx_access_log,host=enicMBP,path=/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/access.log,resp_code=400,verb=POST request="/user/login",http_version=1.1,ident="-",auth="-",resp_bytes=63i,client_ip="10.10.10.10" 1650309454000000000nnginx_access_log,host=enicMBP,path=/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/access.log,resp_code=400,verb=POST request="/user/login",resp_bytes=63i,client_ip="10.10.10.10",ident="-",auth="-",http_version=1.1 1650309454001000000nnginx_access_log,host=enicMBP,path=/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/access.log,resp_code=400,verb=POST ident="-",request="/user/login",auth="-",http_version=1.1,resp_bytes=63i,client_ip="10.10.10.10" 1650309454002000000nnginx_access_log,host=enicMBP,path=/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/access.log,resp_code=400,verb=POST http_version=1.1,client_ip="10.10.10.10",ident="-",resp_bytes=63i,auth="-",request="/user/login" 1650309454003000000nnginx_access_log,host=enicMBP,path=/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/access.log,resp_code=400,verb=POST client_ip="10.10.10.10",auth="-",ident="-",request="/user/login",http_version=1.1,resp_bytes=63i 1650309454004000000nnginx_access_log,host=enicMBP,path=/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/access.log,resp_code=400,verb=POST ident="-",auth="-",request="/user/login",resp_bytes=63i,client_ip="10.10.10.10",http_version=1.1 1650309454005000000nnginx_access_log,host=enicMBP,path=/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/access.log,resp_code=504,verb=POST auth="-",request="/qps",http_version=1.1,resp_bytes=3693i,client_ip="10.10.10.10",ident="-" 1650309464000000000nnginx_access_log,host=enicMBP,path=/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/access.log,resp_code=504,verb=POST ident="-",auth="-",request="/latency",http_version=1.1,resp_bytes=3693i,client_ip="10.10.10.10" 1650309474000000000nnginx_access_log,host=enicMBP,path=/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/access.log,resp_code=400,verb=POST auth="-",request="/user/login",resp_bytes=63i,client_ip="10.10.10.10",http_version=1.1,ident="-" 1650309514000000000nnginx_access_log,host=enicMBP,path=/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/access.log,resp_code=400,verb=POST ident="-",auth="-",request="/user/login",client_ip="10.10.10.10",resp_bytes=63i,http_version=1.1 1650309514001000000nnginx_access_log,host=enicMBP,path=/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/access.log,resp_code=400,verb=POST resp_bytes=63i,client_ip="10.10.10.10",ident="-",auth="-",request="/user/login",http_version=1.1 1650309514002000000nnginx_access_log,host=enicMBP,path=/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/access.log,resp_code=400,verb=POST request="/user/login",resp_bytes=63i,ident="-",auth="-",http_version=1.1,client_ip="10.10.10.10" 1650309514003000000nnginx_access_log,host=enicMBP,path=/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/access.log,resp_code=400,verb=POST client_ip="10.10.10.10",auth="-",ident="-",request="/user/login",http_version=1.1,resp_bytes=63i 1650309514004000000nnginx_access_log,host=enicMBP,path=/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/access.log,resp_code=400,verb=POST resp_bytes=63i,ident="-",request="/user/login",client_ip="10.10.10.10",auth="-",http_version=1.1 1650309514005000000nnginx_access_log,host=enicMBP,path=/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/access.log,resp_code=200,verb=GET ident="-",request="/",resp_bytes=1839i,auth="-",http_version=1.1,client_ip="10.10.10.100" 1650309517000000000nnginx_access_log,host=enicMBP,path=/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/access.log,resp_code=504,verb=POST request="/qps",auth="-",ident="-",http_version=1.1,resp_bytes=3693i,client_ip="10.10.10.10" 1650309524000000000nnginx_access_log,host=enicMBP,path=/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/access.log,resp_code=504,verb=POST resp_bytes=3693i,auth="-",request="/latency",http_version=1.1,client_ip="10.10.10.10",ident="-" 1650309534000000000nnginx_access_log,host=enicMBP,path=/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/access.log,resp_code=400,verb=POST http_version=1.1,resp_bytes=63i,auth="-",client_ip="10.10.10.10",ident="-",request="/user/login" 1650309574000000000nnginx_access_log,host=enicMBP,path=/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/access.log,resp_code=400,verb=POST ident="-",auth="-",resp_bytes=63i,client_ip="10.10.10.10",request="/user/login",http_version=1.1 1650309574001000000nnginx_access_log,host=enicMBP,path=/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/access.log,resp_code=400,verb=POST ident="-",request="/user/login",auth="-",http_version=1.1,resp_bytes=63i,client_ip="10.10.10.10" 1650309574002000000nnginx_access_log,host=enicMBP,path=/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/access.log,resp_code=400,verb=POST auth="-",request="/user/login",client_ip="10.10.10.10",ident="-",http_version=1.1,resp_bytes=63i 1650309574003000000nnginx_access_log,host=enicMBP,path=/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/access.log,resp_code=400,verb=POST http_version=1.1,resp_bytes=63i,client_ip="10.10.10.10",auth="-",request="/user/login",ident="-" 1650309514000000000nnginx_access_log,host=enicMBP,path=/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/access.log,resp_code=400,verb=POST ident="-",auth="-",client_ip="10.10.10.10",request="/user/login",http_version=1.1,resp_bytes=63i 1650309514001000000nnginx_access_log,host=enicMBP,path=/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/access.log,resp_code=400,verb=POST http_version=1.1,client_ip="10.10.10.10",request="/user/login",resp_bytes=63i,auth="-",ident="-" 1650309514002000000nnginx_access_log,host=enicMBP,path=/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/access.log,resp_code=400,verb=POST resp_bytes=63i,ident="-",request="/user/login",http_version=1.1,client_ip="10.10.10.10",auth="-" 1650309514003000000nnginx_access_log,host=enicMBP,path=/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/access.log,resp_code=400,verb=POST resp_bytes=63i,client_ip="10.10.10.10",ident="-",auth="-",request="/user/login",http_version=1.1 1650309574000000000nnginx_access_log,host=enicMBP,path=/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/access.log,resp_code=400,verb=POST client_ip="10.10.10.10",ident="-",auth="-",resp_bytes=63i,request="/user/login",http_version=1.1 1650309574001000000nnginx_access_log,host=enicMBP,path=/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/access.log,resp_code=400,verb=POST client_ip="10.10.10.10",resp_bytes=63i,ident="-",auth="-",request="/user/login",http_version=1.1 1650309574002000000nnginx_access_log,host=enicMBP,path=/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/access.log,resp_code=400,verb=POST resp_bytes=63i,client_ip="10.10.10.10",ident="-",auth="-",request="/user/login",http_version=1.1 1650309574003000000nnginx_access_log,host=enicMBP,path=/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/access.log,resp_code=400,verb=POST request="/user/login",resp_bytes=63i,client_ip="10.10.10.10",auth="-",http_version=1.1,ident="-" 1650309514000000000nnginx_access_log,host=enicMBP,path=/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/access.log,resp_code=400,verb=POST auth="-",http_version=1.1,resp_bytes=63i,client_ip="10.10.10.10",request="/user/login",ident="-" 1650309514001000000nnginx_access_log,host=enicMBP,path=/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/access.log,resp_code=400,verb=POST client_ip="10.10.10.10",auth="-",resp_bytes=63i,ident="-",request="/user/login",http_version=1.1 1650309514002000000nnginx_access_log,host=enicMBP,path=/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/access.log,resp_code=400,verb=POST auth="-",resp_bytes=63i,request="/user/login",http_version=1.1,client_ip="10.10.10.10",ident="-" 1650309514003000000nnginx_access_log,host=enicMBP,path=/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/access.log,resp_code=400,verb=POST request="/user/login",resp_bytes=63i,client_ip="10.10.10.10",ident="-",http_version=1.1,auth="-" 1650309514004000000nnginx_access_log,host=enicMBP,path=/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/access.log,resp_code=400,verb=POST request="/user/login",client_ip="10.10.10.10",http_version=1.1,resp_bytes=63i,ident="-",auth="-" 1650309514005000000nnginx_access_log,host=enicMBP,path=/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/access.log,resp_code=400,verb=POST request="/user/login",http_version=1.1,resp_bytes=63i,client_ip="10.10.10.10",ident="-",auth="-" 1650309514006000000nnginx_access_log,host=enicMBP,path=/Users/enic/github/telegraf/testdata/access.log,resp_code=400,verb=POST ident="-",request="/user/login",resp_bytes=63i,client_ip="10.10.10.10",auth="-",http_version=1.1 1650309514007000000

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